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Foreign Languages

At Rakegate Primary School, the Languages curriculum is designed to enable pupils to explore the cultural capital of another country through its language and traditions. As the UK is becoming an increasingly multicultural society, we have a duty to provide our children with an understanding of other cultures and languages. The Foreign Languages provision for Key Stage 2 at Rakegate Primary School is designed to reflect all of this and also takes into consideration the primary Languages entitlement as set out in the National Curriculum 2014.

Our Rakegate Vision For Languages


The key elements of languages learning at Rakegate are:


  • Our language learning is inclusive and enjoyable for all.

  • The main language we study is Spanish.

  • Children are exposed to different languages and cultures throughout their time with us, due to the broad background of nationalities that make up the population of our school. This is celebrated as a strength of our community.

  • Spanish is taught as a coherent programme from Year 3 to Year 6 using an online resource called ‘Language Angels’.

  • The curriculum also encompasses learning about Spanish life and culture.



Why Spanish? Spanish now ranks number 2 in the world’s most spoken languages, behind English. Influenced by this fact and that many of the holidays taken by our families are to Spain, the decision was made to change Languages to Spanish as it we felt that it would be more relevant to our children’s experiences thus providing the perfect opportunity to make their Languages learning more valuable and meaningful extending beyond the classroom. The topics selected for each year group feed into this belief and will equip the children to be able to confidently engage in conversation about all things relevant to everyday life.


Our aim is to develop the confidence and competence of each child in the foreign language they are learning. Our goal is for them to be passionate, curious and confident about their own foreign language learning abilities when they finish the primary school phase of their education.


We will help them develop and demonstrate substantial progress in the 5 key language skills necessary for learning Spanish


  • Speaking

  • Listening

  • Reading

  • Writing

  • Grammar

National Curriculum

Languages provision for Key Stage 2 is designed to reflect all of the above and also takes into consideration the primary Languages entitlement as set out in the National Curriculum 2014.  

By age11, they should have the opportunity to reach a recognised level of competence according to the DfE Programme of Study. Modern Foreign Language teaching offers opportunities to:


  • Develop children’s linguistic competence (language skills and language learning skills); 

  • Understand and communicate in a new language; 

  • Make comparisons between Spanish and English or another language; 

  • Increase their cultural awareness by learning about Spain and their people, and working with materials from this country and its community; 

  • Foster positive attitudes towards Spanish language learning; 

  • Use their knowledge with growing confidence and competence to understand what they hear and read, to express themselves in speech and writing;

  • Form a sound basis for further study at Key Stage 3 and beyond.


Rakegate intends to use the Language Angels scheme of work and resources to ensure we offer a relevant, broad, vibrant and ambitious foreign languages curriculum that will inspire and excite our pupils using a wide variety of topics and themes. All pupils will be expected to achieve their full potential by encouraging high expectations and excellent standards in their foreign language learning - the ultimate aim being that pupils will feel willing and able to continue studying languages beyond Key Stage 2.

The intent is that all content will be continuously updated and reviewed annually, creating a dynamic programme of study that will be clearly outlined in both long-term and short-term planning. This will ensure that the foreign language knowledge of our pupils progresses within each academic year and is extended year upon year throughout the primary phase and, in so doing, will always be relevant and in line with meeting or exceeding national DfE requirements. 

The four key language learning skills; listening, speaking, reading and writing will be taught and all necessary grammar will be covered in an age-appropriate way across the primary phase. This will enable pupils to use and apply their learning in a variety of contexts, laying down solid foundations for future language learning and also helping the children improve overall attainment in other subject areas. In addition, the children will be taught how to look up and research language they are unsure of and they will have a bank of reference materials to help them with their spoken and written tasks going forward. This bank of reference materials will develop into a reference library to help pupils recall and build on previous knowledge throughout their primary school language learning journey.

The intent is that all pupils will develop a genuine interest and positive curiosity about foreign languages, finding them enjoyable and stimulating. Learning a second language will also offer pupils the opportunity to explore relationships between language and identity, develop a deeper understanding of other cultures and the world around them with a better awareness of self, others and cultural differences. The intention is that they will be working towards becoming life-long language learners.


All classes will have access to a high-quality foreign languages curriculum which is designed to develop pupil skills in foreign languages through regularly taught and well-planned weekly lessons in Key Stage 2 which will be taught by class teachers.


Children will progressively acquire, use and apply a growing bank of vocabulary, language skills and grammatical knowledge organised around age-appropriate topics and themes - building blocks of language into more complex, fluent and authentic language.


All teachers will know where every child is at any point in their foreign language learning journey.


The planning of different levels of challenge will be addressed dynamically and will be reviewed in detail annually as units are updated and added to the scheme. Lessons offering appropriate levels of challenge and stretch will be taught, at all times to ensure pupils learn effectively, continuously building their knowledge of and enthusiasm for the language they are learning.


Language Angels are categorised by ‘Teaching Type’ to make it easier for teachers to choose units that will offer the appropriate level of challenge and stretch for the classes they are teaching.


Early Language units are entry level units and are most appropriate for our Year 3. Intermediate units increase the level of challenge by increasing the amount and complexity (including foreign language grammar concepts) of the foreign language presented to pupils. Intermediate units are suitable for Year 4-5 pupils or pupils with embedded basic knowledge of the foreign language. Progressive units are the most challenging units and are suitable for Year 6 pupils. Grouping units into these Teaching Type categories ensures that the language taught is appropriate to the level of the class and introduced when the children are ready. Children will be taught how to listen and read longer pieces of text gradually in the foreign language and they will have ample opportunities to speak, listen to, read and write the language being taught with and without scaffolds, frames and varying levels of support.


The Languages curriculum is to be delivered to all KS2 children. Children are given the opportunity to work as a class, as part of a group or as an individual. The time allocated to Spanish is 45 minutes per week in KS2.


Units, where possible and appropriate, will be linked to class topics and cross curricular themes. Children will build on previous knowledge gradually as their foreign language lessons continue to recycle, revise and consolidate previously learnt language whilst building on all four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Knowledge and awareness of required and appropriate grammar concepts will be taught throughout all units at all levels of challenge. Teachers are provided with a Progression Map and Grammar Grid to ensure all children are progressing their foreign language learning skills and are taught the appropriate grammar at the right time in their foreign language learning journey. Grammar rules and patterns will be taught by level of challenge:


  • We start with nouns and articles and 1st person singular of high frequency verbs in Early Learning units.

  • We move on to the use of the possessive, the concept of adjectives, use of the negative form, conjunctions/connectives and introduce the concept of whole regular verb conjugation in Intermediate units.

  • We end with opinions and introduce the concept of whole high frequency irregular verb conjugation in Progressive units.

Grammar is integrated and taught discreetly throughout all appropriate units.

The Progression Map shows precisely how pupil foreign language learning across the key skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and grammar and is progressive.

The unit planner serves as an overall ‘teaching map’ outlining for all teachers within the school what each class in each year group will be taught and when it will be taught. Each class in each year group will have an overview of units to be taught during the academic year to ensure substantial progress and learning is achieved. Each teaching unit is divided into 6 fully planned lessons.

  • Each unit and lesson will have clearly defined objectives and aims.

  • Each lesson will incorporate interactive whiteboard materials to include ample speaking and listening tasks within a lesson.

  • Lessons will incorporate challenge sections and desk-based activities that will be offered will three levels of stretch and differentiation.

  • Reading and writing activities will be offered in all units. Some extended reading and writing activities are provided so that native speakers can also be catered for.

  • Every unit will include a grammar concept which will increase in complexity as pupils move from Early Language units, through Intermediate units and into Progressive units.

  • Extending writing activities are provided to ensure that pupils are recalling previously learnt language and, by reusing it, will be able to recall it and use it with greater ease and accuracy. These tasks will help to link units together and show that pupils are retaining and recalling the language taught with increased fluency and ease.

Units are progressive within themselves as subsequent lessons within a unit build on the language and knowledge taught in previous lessons. As pupils progress though the lessons in a unit they will build their knowledge and develop the complexity of the language they use. We think of the progression within the 6 lessons in a unit as ‘language Lego’. We provide blocks of language knowledge and, over the course of a 6-week unit, encourage pupils to build more complex and sophisticated language structures with their blocks of language knowledge.

Pupil learning and progression will be assessed at regular intervals in line with school policy. Teachers will aim to assess each language skill (speaking, listening, reading and writing) twice throughout each academic year to be able to provide reference points against which learning and progression in each skill can be demonstrated.

In addition to following the lessons provided in the Language Angels scheme of work and resources, time will be built in for Spanish themed days once a year whereby the following could be included:

  • Foreign language celebration assemblies.

  • Cookery sessions of traditional foods from the country of the language being studied.

  • Fashion shows demonstrating typical / traditional clothing from the country of the language being studied.

  • Weather forecasts based on maps from the country of the language being studied.

  • School celebrations of national feast days from the country of the language being studied when appropriate to facilitate a whole school approach to foreign language learning along with improved cultural awareness.


The desired outcome is that by the time children leave Rakegate, they will know more and remember more about Languages as detailed below:

  • Pupils will have continuously built on their previous knowledge as they progress in their foreign language learning journey through the primary phase. Previous language will be recycled, revised, recalled and consolidated whenever possible and appropriate.

  • Teachers will have a clear overview of what they are working towards and if they are meeting these criteria. They will use the long-term planning documents provided in the form of the unit planners to ensure the correct units are being taught to the correct classes at each stage of the academic year. Short-term planning is also provided in the form of unit overviews (covering the learning targets for each 6-week unit) and individual lesson plans laying out the learning aims and intentions of each individual lesson within a unit. These planning documents ensure that teachers know what to teach and how to teach it in each lesson, across whole units and across each term.

  • Pupils will be given opportunities to review their own learning and be aware of their own learning goals by completing self-assessments at the start and at the end of each unit. They will know and will be able to articulate if they have or have not met their learning objectives and identify their gaps.

  • Regular opportunities are built in to assess pupil learning and progression in the key language skills (speaking, listening, reading and writing) and against the 12 DfE Languages Programme of Study for Key Stage 2 attainment targets. These are provided at the end of each 6-week teaching unit. This information will be recorded and monitored by the Foreign Language Subject Leader who will use this data to ensure teaching is targeted and appropriate for each pupil, class and year group as well as to feedback on progress to SLT and stakeholders.

  • Children are expected to make good or better than good progress in their foreign language learning and their individual progress is tracked and reported to pupils and parents / carers in line with school policy.

  • If pupils are not progressing in line with expectations, this will be identified in the End of Unit Skills Assessments provided in the Tracking & Progression Tool. This will enable teachers to put in place an early intervention programme to address any areas that require attention in any of the language learning skills.


Please take a look at the information provided below for further information.

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